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The first Council of Nicaea 325 A.D.

The Symbol of Faith

The word symbol comes from Greek sunballein, to throw together, compare. Thus, the term Symbol of Faith (aka Creed in the West) means a body of comprehensive statements about a stance on theological issues.

The Nicene-Constantinopolitan Symbol of Faith (AKA Creed) 381 A.D.

We believe in one God, the Father Almighty
Maker of heaven and earth, 
and of all things visible and invisible;

And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the Son of God
the Only-begotten, Begotten of the Father before all ages, 
Light of Light, True God of True God, Begotten, not made, 
of one essence with the Father, by Whom all things were made:
Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven, 
and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary
and was made man

And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate
and suffered and was buried; 

And the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures;
And ascended into heaven, 
and sitteth at the right hand of the Father;
And He shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, Whose kingdom shall have no end. 

And we believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, and Giver of Life, Who proceedeth from the Father, 
Who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified, Who spoke by the Prophets;

And we believe in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
We acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins.
We look for the Resurrection of the dead,
And the Life of the age to come. 
Amen.



The Study of Holy Scripture

by Metropolitan Cyprian of Oropos and Fili

The Holy Fathers advise us to undertake the unceasing and pious reading of the Holy Scriptures in such a way that this continual effort may familiarize our hearts with the teaching of Christ and that our minds might be literally bathed in it: then our actions will more easily and more naturally come into concord with the Gospel. ...read more




The Scripture and The Tradition

The New Testament was authored by the Church. The Gospels and the Epistles were written by our leaders: Apostles and Evangelists. The teaching of Christ, as handed down to us by Apostles are the Holy Tradition.

In this day and age we perceive the word tradition in a negative sense. Why is that? Perhaps we can find the answer in the Holy Scriptures. The word tradition comes from Latin traditio which means transmission, hand-over, a gift for safekeeping. Tradition is used in older English translations in both, good and bad sense. Somehow, the more recent translations use the word tradition in a negative sense and the word teaching in a positive sense. Hence, the negative connotation of the word.

The Greek manuscripts, e.g. Epistles, use word paradosis - teaching, tradition, doctrine, or commandment. (link)

Therefore, a consistent scholar would distinguish between traditions of men/elders (pharisees, etc.) [see παράδοσιν τῶν πρεσβυτέρων - teachings of presbyters/elders] Mark 7:13, Mark 7:9 and the Tradition of Apostles (παραδόσεις - traditions) delivered orally (by word) or in writing (by letters/epistles) 2 Thessalonians 2:15, 2 Thessalonians 3:6

The question one can raise is: "Why did the translators use different words?" The answer is on the surface -- the translators pursued an agenda to separate Latin instruction from that of the Protestant and alike: "Our doctrine is "teaching", their doctrine is "tradition", and because tradition is "bad", we put Apostles on our side by translating paradosis that comes from Apostles as teaching and paradosis that comes from Roman Catholics, or any ancient Church for that matter, as tradition. Thus equating the nearly 2000 years old Church Holy Tradition / Teaching to the teachings of hypocrite elders.

This trick is similar to calling all drugs bad. Yet, we all know that there are drugs and illegal drugs (mostly destructive narcotics). You wouldn't walk into a drugstore and ask for heroin, would you? Why? - Because you know the difference!

Know the difference and be strong in your pursuit of the Kingdom! Mat 11:12.

by Fr. Thomas Zell

"These people draw near to Me with their mouth, and honor Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me. And in vain they worship Me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men." ...read more



Which Came First: The Church or the New Testament?

by Fr. James Bernstein

As a Jewish convert to Christ via evangelical Protestantism, I naturally wanted to know God better through the reading of the Scriptures. In fact, it had been through reading the Gospels in the "forbidden book" called the New Testament, at age sixteen... "All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness" (2 Timothy 3:16). That's the good news! The bad news is that often I would decide for myself what the Scriptures meant. ...read more



The Interpretation of the Bible

by Fr. Thomas Hopko

The Bible is the book of sacred writings for God's People, the Church. It was produced in the Church, by and for the Church, under divine inspiration as an essential part of the total reality of God's covenant relationship with His People. It is the authentic Word of God for those who belong to God's chosen assembly of believers, to the Israel of old and to the Church of Christ today and forever. ...read more


Find podcast about Sola Criptura - on Ancient Faith Radio




The Church -- Household of the Lord

kyriakia - Lord's house/household

The word church is not found in the original Greek and Aramaic writings that now make up the New Testament.

Evangelists and Apostles referred to what we call church as ecclesia (assembly - ἐκκλησία). However it is the later word from which we now have English church, Russian црква / церковь (beloved household of the Lord), from Greek kuriakia/kyriakia (κυριακια, or κυριακόν - Lord's house/household), from κυριακή (kuriake/kyriake - belonging to the Lord / a lord) and is first used in the Canon 15 of Synod of Ancyra (now Ankara, Turkey) in 314 AD.

By the time the New Testament writings were translated into Latin (around 350 AD) and later into Germanic and English languages, the word κυριακια (church) was already widely used by Eastern (Orthodox) Church missionaries, clergy and laity.

Needless to say, the Church is also the mystical Body of Christ and His Bride.

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